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Case details

A young man was brought to the emergency room after being hit by a car. His leg bone was broken in half, and the bone was protruding through the skin. He was recovering well after the orthopedic surgery. After several days he developed wound infection. The wound culture revealed a new bacterial organism that was resistant to all available antibiotics. The drugs acting as antibiotics specifically inhibit bacterial proliferation by inhibiting any of the processes such as replication, transcription or translation. Which of the following statements is exclusively true of prokaryotes but not of eukaryotes?

A. Most of the prokaryotic cells are diploid

B. DNA is complexed with histones

C. Genes contain introns

D. Transcription and translation occur at the same time

E. Each gene has its own promoter.

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