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Choose the correct Answer

1) Glucose is mainly absorbed by passive diffusion/ active transport.

2) GLUT-4 transporters are present in adipose tissues/red blood cells.

3) Insulin promotes Glycolysis/Glycogenolysis.

4) Lactase/ Lactate dehydrogenase is deficient in lactose intolerance.

5) In type 2 diabetes mellitus, the peripheral cells become oversensitive/ Insensitive to the effect of insulin.

6) Phosphorylase enzyme is active in the phosphorylated / dephosphorylated form.

7) Sorbitol is produced by the oxidation/reduction of glucose.

8) Glucokinase/ Hexokinase can regulate the blood glucose level.

9) Chronic alcohol ingestion can produce hypoglycemia/hyperglycemia.

10) Glucose-6- phosphatase / Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase is deficient in Von- Gierke’s disease.

11) More the concentration of 2,3bisphosphoglycerate more/less will be the unloading of oxygen to the peripheral tissues.

12) Glycated Hb is represented by HbAIa/HbAIc.

13) Ca ++ /Mg++   can activate phosphorylase kinase without phosphorylation.

14) Hypokalemia/Hyperkalemia is observed on treatment with insulin in diabetes mellitus.

15) Hypercholesterolemia/Hypocholesterolemia is observed in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

16) ATP and Citrate are negative/positive modifiers of PFK-I enzyme.

17) 51/53 amino acids are present in mature insulin.

18) A low/ high ATP to ADP ratio is a stimulant for PDH kinase enzyme.

19) Hexokinase/ Glucokinase enzyme is inhibited by feed back inhibition.

20) The preferred source of energy for the brain cells is glucose/ketone bodies.

21) During overnight fasting blood glucose is maintained by Gluconeogenesis/ Glycogenolysis.

22) Transketolase/ Transaminase is TPP dependent.

23) Free Glucose/ Glucose-1-phosphate is the end product of debranching enzyme catalyzed breakdown of glycogen.

24) The half-life of Insulin is 5 minutes/5 hours.

25) Sorbitol dehydrogenase enzyme is absent in liver/ nerves.

26) 36 ATP/ 38 ATP molecules are produced by the complete oxidation of 1 molecule of glucose under aerobic conditions.

27) Malonate/ Oxamate is the inhibitor of Succinate dehydrogenase enzyme. 28) The enzymes of TCA cycle are present in the mitochondria/ Cytoplasm.

29) Pyruvate/ Lactate is the end product of glycolysis under anaerobic condition

30) No ATP/ 2 ATP when RL shunt is operating in the red blood cells.

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5 Responses to Questions from Carbohydrate metabolism- Choose the correct answer

  • My dear students,
    Solve the questions, i hope it will not take much time. Good luck!
    Namrata

  • Sneha Desai says:

    There you go Mam. Tried a hand. Checked just 1-2 concepts from the copybook though, just the ones I had forgotten. :)

    1. Active Transport
    2. Adipose Tissues
    3. Glycolysis
    4. Lactase is deficient
    5. Insensitive
    6. Phosphorylated form
    7. Reduction of glucose
    8. Glucokinase
    9. Hypoglycemia
    10. G-6-Phosphatase
    11. More
    12. HbAIc
    13. Ca ++
    14. Hyperkalemia
    15. Hypercholesterolemia
    16. Negative modifiers
    17. 51
    18. High
    19. Hexokinase
    20. Glucose
    21. Glycogenolysis
    22. Transketolase
    23. Glucose-1-Phosphate
    24. 5 minutes
    25. Nerves
    26. 38 ATPs
    27. Malonate
    28. Mitochondria
    29. Lactate
    30. No ATPs.

  • Sneha Desai says:

    There you go Mam. Tried a hand at it. Though I checked 1-2 concepts in the copybook, just the ones I had forgotten about. :)

    1. Active Transport
    2. Adipose Tissues
    3. Glycolysis
    4. Lactase is deficient
    5. Insensitive
    6. Phosphorylated form
    7. Reduction of glucose
    8. Glucokinase
    9. Hypoglycemia
    10. G-6-Phosphatase
    11. More
    12. HbAIc
    13. Ca ++
    14. Hyperkalemia
    15. Hypercholesterolemia
    16. Negative modifiers
    17. 51
    18. High
    19. Hexokinase
    20. Glucose
    21. Glycogenolysis
    22. Transketolase
    23. Glucose-1-Phosphate
    24. 5 minutes
    25. Nerves
    26. 38 ATPs
    27. Malonate
    28. Mitochondria
    29. Lactate
    30. No ATPs.

  • Well done Sneha , Keep working hard!

  • Sneha Desai says:

    Thank you Mam. :)

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