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Case details
A pregnant mother with a history of long- standing uncontrolled diabetes mellitus has come for a routine check up. The examination reveals a normal pregnancy. Blood chemistry shows Random blood glucose – 165 mg/dl and Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) of 10.5 %. What are the expected complications in a fetus under such conditions of maternal hyperglycemia?
A. Fetal hyperglycemia
B. Large fetal size
C. Hypoglycemia after birth
D. Fetal hyperinsulinemia
E. All of the above.
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Maternal hyperglycemia

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