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1) A 30- year- old female presents with headache and blurry vision. Her blood pressure is 200/90 mm Hg. Imaging reveals that he she has a tumor that is overproducing the hormone most responsible for regulating salt and water balance  for blood pressure control. That hormone is-

a) Growth hormone

b) Glucocorticoid

c) Aldosterone

d) Epinephrine

e) Glucagon

2) A 60-year-old female presents with severe back pain for the past one week. Imaging reveals a compression fracture of one of the vertebrae and diffuse osteoporosis, which is a common condition resulting from calcium depletion in bones. As a treatment she should be prescribed-

a) Oxytocin

b) Parathyroid hormone

c) Estradiol

d) Calcitonin

e) Prolactin

3) A 16-year-old female presents with a fever, productive cough and rust colored sputum. She is diagnosed with bacterial pneumonia. She is a known case of type 1 Diabetes mellitus. She injects herself subcutaneously every day with exogenous insulin. As insulin is absorbed into her blood it binds to insulin receptors that activate-

a) Tyrosine kinase

b) Adenylate cyclase

c) c AMP

d) Protein kinase C

e) Phospholipase C

4) An intern is scrubbing into a complicated surgery that is anticipated to last for 15 hours. In preparation, the intern has not eaten from the past 15 hours. After 30 hours  of fasting which of the following is most important for maintenance of normal blood glucose ?

a) Glycogenolysis

b) Gluconeogenesis

c) Triacylglycerol synthesis

d) Increased insulin release

e) Decreased muscle protein break down

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