Heparin, Heparan, Dermatan, Dextran
Q.2- Choose the odd one out
Starch, Glycogen, Chitin, Inulin
Q.3- Which out of the following dextrins does not give color with iodine
Achrodextrins, Erythrodextrins, Amylodextrins
Q.4- Name a non sulfated Heteropolysaccharide
Q.5- Which heteropolysaccharide is used as an anticoagulant
Q.6- Which sugar acid is used for the detoxification of the foreign compounds?
Q.7- Which monosaccharide is used as the preferred source of energy for the brain cells?
Q.8-Which monosaccharide is used as a source of energy for the spermatozoa?
Q.9- Which disaccharide is an intermediate in the hydrolysis of starch?
Q.10- Which monosaccharide is optically inactive?
Q.11- What is odd out of the following four
Glucose, Galactose, Mannose and Fructose
Q.12- Choose the ketopentose-
Ribose, Xylose, Xylulose and Arabinose
Q.13- Name a six membered sugar alcohol
(Sorbitol, Mannitol or Galacitol)
Q.14- Name a sugar acid
Q.15- Name an amino sugar acid
Q.16- Name an intracellular polysaccharide
Q.17- D and L isomers differ from each other by orientation around which C atom?
(Penultimate carbon, farthest from the most oxidized C atom)
Q.18- Alpha and Beta anomers differ in orientation around 5 th carbon atom in a hexose- True or false ?
Q.19- Malt sugar is———————— ?
Q.20-Out of Lactase and Cellulase which enzyme is absent in human beings?
Q.21- Mucic acid is produced from—- ?
Q.22- Give an example of Glycosylamine
Q.23- Name a sugar alcohol with five carbon atoms
Q.24- Powder-puff shaped crystals are formed by——
Q.25- Name two non reducing sugars
(Sucrose and Trehalose)
Q.26- Which test is used to differentiate between aldohexose and ketohexose? (Seliwanoff test)
Q.27- Benedict’s test is more sensitive than Fehling test. True or false?
Q.28- Glycogen is stored mainly in muscles. True or false?
Q.29- Name a cardiac Glycoside
Q.30- What is milk sugar ?
Q.31- Name the product of reaction of a strong acid on a pentose
Q.32- What are enediols?
(Double bonded carbon atoms each having OH group attached)
Q.33- Name a 7 Carbon atoms containing ketose sugar
Q.34- Name the alcohol produced from the reduction of Glyceraldehyde.
Q.35- How many isomers of Glucose are found in the biological system?
(32, including anomers)
Q.36- Glucuronic acid produced from the reduction or oxidation of Glucose?
Q.37- Dextrin or Dextran, which out of the two is used as plasma expander?
Q.38- Which one is a branched polymer out of the two-
Amylose or Amylopectin?
Q.39- Reddish brown color with iodine is given by which carbohydrate?
Q.40- Which sugar is called as Invert sugar?
Q.41- Agar is a homo or hetero polysaccharide?
Q.42- Keratan or Heparan Sulfate which out of the two does not contain a sugar acid ?
Q.43- Name an epimer of Sorbitol
Q.44- Name an epimer of Glucuronic acid
Q.45- How are galactose and fructose related to each other?
Q.46- What is Aglycon?
(Non carbohydrate component in a glycoside)
Q.47- Maltose is composed of what kind of monosaccharides?
(Glucose – glucose)
Q.48- Name a pentose sugar present abundantly in heart muscle
Q.49- Name a deoxy sugar
Q.50- Name the polysaccharide present in the exoskeleton of insects
Q.51- What type of linkage is present between Galactose and Glucose in Lactose?
β (1→4) glycosidic linkage
Q.52- The compounds having same structural formula but differing in configuration around one carbon atom are called-
Q.53- What type of linkages are present in Glycogen?
(α(1→4) in the chain and α(1→6) at the branch point
Q.54- Name a fructosan
Q.55- Name a Galactosan
Q.56- Name the test for detection of carbohydrates in a solution
Q.57- When a hexose is made to react with a strong acid, what is the product called?
(Hydroxy methyl furfural)
Q.58- How are Mannose and Glucose related to each other?
Q.59- When both aldehyde and primary alcoholic groups are oxidized in mannose, what is the product called? (Mannaric acid)
Q.60- Dulcitol is produced from the reduction of which sugar?
Q.61- Name two amino sugars
(Glucosamine and Galactosamine)
Q.62- Out of Mucic acid and Muramic acid which one is an amino sugar acid?
Q.63- Name a sugar ester
(Glucose 6 phosphate)
Q- 64- Which out of the following will give Bial’s test positive
Glucose, Fructose, ribose
Q.65- All except one will exhibit mutarotation?
Sucrose, Maltose, Glucose, Galactose
Q.66- Out of Pyranose and Furanose ring which one is commonly formed by Fructose ?
Q.67- Which out of the two has more carbohydrate content?
Proteoglycan or Glycoproteins
Q.68- Name the storage polysaccharides
(Glycogen, Starch, Inulin etc )
Q.69- Cornea is rich in which type of mucopolysaccharides?
Q.70 -Name C-4 epimers
(Glucose and Galactose)
Q.71- Name a keto triose
Q.72- Name the alcohol produced from the reduction of Fructose
(Sorbitol and Mannitol)
Q. 73- Glucose is the only source of energy for what kind of cells?
( Red blood cells and the cells which lack mitochondria )
Q.74- How is Aldonic acid produced from a monosaccharide
(By the oxidation of aldehyde group of an aldose sugar)
Q.75- What type of linkages are present between glucose residues in Cellulose?
(Beta 1, 4 Glycosidic linkages)
Q.76- Out of all the biologically important mucopolysaccharides which one is the most negatively charged? (Heparin)
Q.77- Which monosaccharide is present as a structural component of RNA?
Q.78- What is dextrose?
Q.79- What is table sugar?
Q.80- What is animal starch?
( Glycogen )
Q.81- What is Muta rotation ?
Carbohydrates can change spontaneously between alpha and beta configurations through intermediate open chain formation, this leads to a process known as Mutarotation.
Q.82- Which hexose is an important component of glycoproteins?
Q.83- When equal amount of dextrorotatory and levorotatory isomers are present in a mixture, the mixture is said to be —— ?
Q.84- Glucose when treated with bromine water produces —— ?
Q.85- Name a glycoside which is an inhibitor of Sodium Potassium ATPase pump.
Q.86- What is the storage form of glucose in plants?
Q.87 – Name an amino sugar acid which is present in gangliosides.
(NANA- N -acetyl Neuraminic acid)
Q.88- Deoxy ribose is synthesized from ribose by removal of oxygen around which carbon atom?
Q.89- The carbohydrate of blood group substance is —– ?
Q.90- Which of the following is not a polymer of Glucose?
Cellulose, Inulin. Glycogen, Dextrins
Q.91- Which of following is an anomeric pair?
a) D-glucose and L-glucose b) α-D-glucose and β-D-glucose
(α-D-glucose and β-D-glucose)
Q.92- Choose the odd one out-
Muramic acid, Mucic acid. Mannaric acid, Mannonic acid
Q.93- The cyclical structure of Glucose is represented by-
Glucopyranose, Glucofuranose or Glucoside
Q.94- What kind of monosaccharides will be produced by lactose hydrolysis?
(Glucose and Galactose)
Q.95- Name a keto hexose
Q.96- What is an asymmetric carbon atom?
(A carbon atom with all the four different attachments is called as an asymmetric carbon atom)
Q.97- How many isomers of glyceraldehyde are possible?
(D and L)
Q.98- How are Ribose and Ribulose related to each other?
(Aldose, ketose isomers)
Q.99- What is the repeating disaccharide unit in Hyaluronic acid?
(D-glucuronate + GlcNAc) n
Q.100- Name an Aldotetrose which is an intermediate of HMP pathway?
(Erythrose-4 P )
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